Nigeria: Happy 56th Independence Celebration

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  Oct 03, 2016     FixitSME Admin  

 

Nigeria received her independent October 1st, 1960 from the British colonial masters who gave sovereignty of the nation to the hands of Dr. Nnamdi Azikwe (the first Nigeria head of state) with Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa the Prime Minister.

What change has occur since then?

 

GROWTH IN STATE

The number of states in Nigeria grew from three (3) regions in 1960 to 36 states plus the federal capital territory (Abuja), these was aimed at increasing growth and enhancing administration.

 

Period

States/Regions

1960-1963

Eastern Region, Northern Region and Western Region

1963-1967

Mid-Western Region was carved out of Western Region

1967-1976

Northern Region was divided into North Eastern State, North Western State,Kano, Kaduna, Kwara, Benue-Plateau. Lagos (carved out of the Western Region), Western State. Mid Western region was renamed Bendel. Eastern Region was divided into East Central State, Cross River and Rivers.

1976-1987

Abuja (FCT) was carved out of Niger State. North Western State was divided into Sokoto and Niger, while North Eastern State was divided into Borno, Gongola and Bauchi. Benue-Pleateau was seperated into Benue and Plateau. Western State was divided into Oyo, Ogun and Ondo. East Central State was divided into Anambra and Imo.

1987-1991

Katisna was carved out of Kaduna. Akwa Ibom also came into existence.

1991-1996

Abia came into existence. Gongola was divided into Adamawa and Taraba. Enugu was created. Bendel was divided into Edo and Delta. Jigawa was carved out of Kano and Yobe out of Borno. Kebbi was created from Sokoto and Osun from Oyo. Kogi also came into existence.

1996- 1998

Ebonyi, Bayelsa, Nasarawa, Zamfara, Gombe and Ekiti were created.

 

CHANGE IN GOVERNMENT

Over the past fifty six (56) years Nigeria has been rule by thirteen sets of leader which include eight military heads of state. Nigeria currently enjoy a democratic system of government where her leaders are been popularly elected by the masses with four year term. Below is the schedule of past leaders of Nigeria from independence till date:

 

Period

Head of state (HOS)/President

1st October 1960 - 16th January 1966

Dr. Nnamdi Aziwe

16th January 1966 - 29th July 1966

General Aguyi Ironsi (MHOS)

1st August – 29th July 1975

General Yaubu Gowon (MHOS)

29th July 1975 – 13th February 1976

General Murtala Muhammed (MHOS)

13th February 1976 – 1st October 1979

General Olusegun Obasanjo (MHOS)

1st October 1979 – 31st December 1983

Alhaji Shehu Shagari 

31st December 1983 – 2th August 1985

Major General Muhammadu Buhari (MHOS)

2th August 1985 - 26th August 1993

Gen. Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida (MHOS)

26th August 1993 – 17th November 1993

Ernest Shonekan

17th November 1993 - 8th june 1998

General Sani Abacha (MHOS)

8th june 1998 - 29th May 1999

General Abdulsalami Abubakar (MHOS)

29th May 1999 - 29th May 2007

Chief Olusegun Obasanjo

29th May 2007 - 5th May 2010

Umaru Musa Yar’Adua

6th May 2010 – 28th May 2015

Dr. Goodluck Ebele Jonathan

29th May 2015 – to date

President Muhammadu Buhari

 

POPULATION

With over 45.2 million people in 1960, Nigeria now has over 186 million people with 82.67% of her population under the age 40. Kano, Lagos and Kaduna are having the highest population. Approximately 50% of Nigerians are urban dwellers, Nigeria has three major languages which are Yoruba, Hausa and Igbo having over 389 ethnics groups with diverse language, culture and religion.

 

ECONOMY

Despite the huge deposit of natural resources Nigeria still depend mainly on crude oil, Nigeria is the United States' largest trading partner in sub-Saharan Africa. Nigeria is the 50th-largest export market for US goods and the 14th-largest exporter of goods to the US. The United States is the country's largest foreign investor.

According to Trading Economics inflation rate in Nigeria has 8% growth rate between January 2016 to July 2016 which is basically due to over dependence in imported products and persistent balance of trade deficit.

 

THE FUTURE

Nigeria remains a nation of opportunities for investors with the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) which is the second largest in Africa, the people remain welcome to technology, change and creativity. Nigeria is one of the best places to invest.

" Hope is being able to see that their is light despite all of the darkness... Desmond Tutu".

 

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